Throughout the 80s and 90s, the satoyama conservation movement was carried out in Japan. As of 2001, there are more than 500 environmental associations that are dedicated for the conservation of satoyama. Because of their efforts, satoyama has become more predominant in Japanese landscapes.
The Satoyama Initiative was founded at UNESCO headquarters in Paris in 2009 as a worldwide effort to realize "societies in harmony with nature" via the acknowledgement and promotion of satoyama sceneries across the globe as a good replica for preservation of human well-being and biodiversity. In 2010, the Satoyama Initiative was acknowledged in Decision X/32 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP) as "a potentially valuable device to better fathom and support human-influenced natural environments for the advantage of biodiversity and human well-being" and "consistent and in harmony with the Convention". The International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative was also instigated at the same CBD COP meeting and taken note of in the Decision as " one mechanism to carry out events recognized by the Satoyama Initiative including gathering and analyzing case-studies, distilling lessons, and promoting research on varied practices of maintainable utilization of biological resources, as well as intensifying awareness and supporting on-the-ground projects and activities in human-influenced natural environments".
In popular culture
The satoyama of Saitama Prefecture have been illustrated in anime with great exactness and artistic attentiveness to detail in the very famous film, My Neighbor Totoro, by Studio Ghibli, under the control of the studio's head and founder, Hayao Miyazaki. The importance of the satoyama as environment for the story has stimulated popular attraction in the localities.